1 December, 2019

Status: Medical only


2014: Criminal penalties for possession of small amounts of cannabis were reduced, although remained criminal
2014: CBD (Cannabidiol) oil legalised
2018: Medical cannabis legalised

Policy Framework:

  • Patients with qualifying conditions (certified by a physician) can obtain cannabis legally;
  • Limit of six plants per household;
  • 192 medical cannabis dispensaries state-wide;
  • Patients must be at least 18-years-old in order to obtain medical cannabis from a doctor;
  • Medical cannabis cannot be obtained from pharmacies and are only sold at licensed dispensaries;
  • Patients must register to the Missouri medical cannabis program to obtain a medical cannabis card which they must use to purchase medical cannabis;
  • Possession of up to 10g (0.3oz) of cannabis is a misdemeanour punishable by a $US500 fine for the first offence and a year and a fine of up to $US2000 for subsequent offences;
  • Possession of more than 35g (1.2oz) is a felony punishable by up to seven years in prison and a fine of up to $US10,000;
  • Sale or trafficking is a felony punishable by up to life in prison and fines of up to $US10,000 or 2x profit;
  • There are an estimated 30,200 registered medical cannabis patients in Missouri, according to the Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services.


  • Between 2005 and 2017, cannabis use disorder in people over the age of 12 decreased from 1.8% to 1.2%.


Source: https://crime-data-explorer.fr.cloud.gov/explorer/state/missouri/crime

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