patrick library web 1

Dr Patrick Carvalho

Former Research Fellow

Dr Patrick Carvalho is a Research Fellow at The New Zealand Initiative, with extensive international experience in public policy across academia, public organisations and private sector.

Prior to immigrating to New Zealand, Dr Carvalho worked as the Head of the Economic Studies Division at the Federation of Industries of Rio de Janeiro, producing research on fiscal and monetary matters, and as a Research Fellow at The Centre for Independent Studies in Sydney, where he focused on industrial relations and competition policy. More recently, Dr Carvalho was a Director at a Washington, D.C.-based consultancy advising the U.S. Federal Administration on the challenges of demographic shifts to economic prosperity.

Dr Carvalho has Bachelor of Law degree from Rio de Janeiro’s State University, a Master’s in political science from the University of Wollongong, and a PhD in economics from the Australian National University, where he also worked as a lecturer in macroeconomic policy.

Latest reports:
Pricing Out Congestion: Experiences from abroad (28 January 2020)
The Price is Right: The road to a better transport system (5 November 2019)
Policy Point: The Pitfalls of CGT (February 2019)
Submission: Local Government Funding and Financing (February 2019) 

Phone: 04 494 9101


Recent Work

Trump building

In the US should we trust?

As of this week, the American economy has been growing for 121 months, the longest since records began in 1854. On the back of it, the global economy – including New Zealand’s – has been sailing through calm waters. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
The National Business Review
2 August, 2019
windy road

We all want safer roads

The government has released its Road to Zero consultation document, laying out a Vision Zero approach aiming for “no one is killed or seriously injured in road crashes”. A zero-road toll pledge may be a good soundbite, but not a good policy prescription. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Insights Newsletter
26 July, 2019

The time is ripe for road pricing in New Zealand

“With a little ingenuity, it is possible to devise methods of charging for the use of the city streets that are capable of adjusting the charge in close conformity with variations in costs and traffic conditions,” wrote William Vickrey, Nobel Laureate and the father of road pricing theory, in 1963. Little did he know that it would take more than 50 years for the technology to catch up to his vision. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Logistics and Transport NZ, The Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport
5 June, 2019
social media buttons

Fighting the whack-a-mole online battle

Last week, a group of 17 countries along with leading social media platforms signed Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern’s Christchurch Call “to eliminate terrorist and violent extremist content online”. The non-binding three-page document is inspiringly pragmatic, combining aspirational actions without falling for heavy-handed (and misguided) regulations. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Insights Newsletter
24 May, 2019
Economic crisis

Monetary policy will not rescue NZ next time

An all-time low official cash rate of 1.5% as of May 8 means borrowing a New Zealand dollar from the Reserve Bank is a step closer to the zero lower bound – with at least one more rate cut expected in the near future. Despite excitement among mortgage owners and business, this is not good news. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
The National Business Review
19 May, 2019

Pricing our way out

This year’s close alignment of Easter and Anzac public holidays translated into 10 days of joy, family time and… congestion – with the New Zealand Traffic Agency (NZTA) issuing multiple heavy traffic warnings across the nation. Unfortunately, traffic jams are not restricted to holiday seasons in New Zealand. Read more

Dr Patrick Carvalho
Insights Newsletter
26 April, 2019

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